While our Milan Eye Center ophthalmologists specialize in ophthalmology procedures like cataract surgery and LASIK surgery, our eye specialists also offer a wide range of other eye services and surgical procedures that improve vision for patients in Atlanta such as pterygium excision surgery.
A pterygium is an abnormal, non-cancerous growth of the conjunctiva. The conjunctiva is the thin mucous membrane that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inside of the eyelids. A pterygium appears as an elevated triangular whitish thickening that that is caused by excessive growth of the conjunctiva and extends on to the surface of the eye. If the pterygium grows large enough, it can interfere with vision and cause redness, irritation, and tearing.
While the exact cause is still unknown, a pterygium is thought to be caused by exposure to UV rays. It is often irritated in dry low, humidity conditions. Although Atlanta has a comparatively high levelof humidity to many other parts of the country, pterygium growth is still found in people who have outdoor occupations and are exposed to sunlight, sand, and wind. Similarly, if you suffer from a dry eye condition, you might also be at risk of developing this thickening of the conjunctiva.
A pterygium excision Surgery may become necessary if drops or ointments are unable to relieve your condition or if the pterygium grows large enough to blur your vision. When the pterygium is surgically removed, tissue is needed to fill in the area where it was removed. A graft of skin is painlessly taken from the underneath portion of the upper eyelid and is attached by using a transparent glue made from clotting proteins. Using a self-transplant also helps in preventing the reoccurrence of pyerygium.
Most patients return to normal activities after 1 or 2 days following the surgery.