The cornea is the eye’s outermost layer. It is the transparent, dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye. The main function of the cornea is to allow light to pass into the eye, so that it can reach the lens and the retina. A second chief function of the cornea is to help focus light, much like a camera lens.
Corneal health depends on a number of factors, including the health of the conjunctiva and of the eyelids. The conjunctiva is the tissue which covers the front part of the eye (but not the cornea) and lines the back of the eyelids. Both the conjunctiva and the eyelid contain glands that create the tear film, which is essential to the maintenance and overall health of the cornea.
Diseases and conditions affecting the cornea can cause distorted vision or vision loss. Keeping the cornea healthy is a vital aspect of protecting your sight and the health of your eyes. Learn more below about the expert treatment available at Milan Eye Center for a variety of corneal conditions and diseases.
A pterygium is a non-cancerous growth of the thin mucous membrane, or conjunctiva, which lines the ocular surface beyond the cornea. Many patients who develop this corneal condition work in outdoor environments in which they are exposed to sand, dust, wind, and sunlight.
When a pterygium does not respond to eye drops, or if it causes vision problems, pterygium excision surgery can be a helpful treatment method. During this procedure, the pterygium is removed and the bare area is replaced with a skin graft taken from the ocular surface.
Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition that occurs due to an abnormality in the shape of the cornea. Resulting in progressive thinning and potential bulging of the cornea, keratoconus may cause a number of vision problems for those affected. Corneal ectasia, also marked by progressive corneal bulging and thinning, is a rare but serious complication resulting from vision correction procedures such as laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), and is associated with worsening vision.
The team of expert ophthalmologists at Milan Eye Center provides various treatment options for patients with keratoconus including an innovative procedure called Corneal Cross-linking, or CXL. CXL treatments work to reverse the symptoms of keratoconus by strengthening and stabilizing the cornea.
Corneal Intacs are small intracorneal ring segments that are implanted into the eye. Intacs are useful in correcting vision problems for people with keratoconus or other corneal conditions.
Intacs are placed in the outer layers of the cornea, which helps to correct abnormalities in the curvature of the cornea. Correcting the shape of the cornea may allow patients to wear contact lenses when they could not previously and may also prevent the need for any other corneal surgeries.
If corneal conditions have not responded to medication or other treatments, the next step might be a corneal transplant surgery. The expert corneal surgeons at Milan Eye Center perform several different types of corneal transplants, which are dependent on the patient’s specific needs. Listed below are the three most common types of corneal transplants performed by the eye surgeons at Milan Eye Center:
The experienced team of ophthalmologists at Milan Eye Center treats patients with a variety or corneal conditions through some of the most innovative methods available.
Visit one of Milan Eye Center’s convenient Atlanta-area locations for an appointment with a board-certified eye surgeon today.
“Seeing Dr. Sajja was very easy and efficient. He was very thorough and professional. He was also very honest in what he felt needed to be done. He also had a very good bedside manner and was caring, nothing was painful at all. The surgery was a quick procedure and I was in excellent care. I was amazed that Dr. Sajja himself called me two days after surgery to check-up on me!”
“Dr. Milan Patel is an excellent, caring physician. From the initial exam through cataract surgery he was very patient with explaining the surgery and recovery process. I had both eyes replaced with new lenses and felt extremely comfortable through both procedures. I highly, highly recommend him!”
“I was scared of having my cataracts removed, but the doctor and all of the staff made me most comfortable. There was no pain & the recovery was short. I would recommend Dr. Desai to anyone who needs surgery. And the people who work there are just wonderful”